Cataracts are a common vision problem endured by older adults. Cataracts decrease the transparency of the lens in the eye, making clear vision impossible. Cloudy vision due to cataracts makes it harder to drive, read, or even see people in front of you. At first, you may be able to see with a stronger glasses prescription, but you eventually may need surgery to correct cataracts. The following are some things you need to know:
What Is the Cause of Cataracts?
Cataracts are often due to aging, but they can also occur with eye injuries. Over time, the lens tissue breaks down and begins to appear cloudy. This results in unclear vision. The lens will continue to break down until the cloudiness encompasses the entire lens.
There are some health issues that can also increase your risk of getting cataracts. Diabetics can often suffer from cataracts, for example.
What Are the Signs of Cataracts?
There are some signs to look for that indicate cataracts. Blurry or cloudy vision is the main sign. Light may also cause some sensitivity in your eyes as well. You may need more light to be able to see adequately. If you see rings of light as you look at bright objects, you may be getting cataracts. Colors may begin to seem less vibrant. You might even notice some double vision.
Most signs of cataracts may be less noticeable at first. Many symptoms start off small but gradually increase. As soon as you notice any signs of cataracts, you should see your eye doctor for an exam to confirm a diagnosis.
Can You Prevent Cataracts?
There is no evidence to suggest the prevention of cataracts. However, there are some things you can do that will help catch cataracts early so you do not have to live without clear vision. The best thing to do is have regular eye exams. An eye exam will help catch cataracts early, along with other possible eye conditions.
If you smoke, consider quitting. Smoking is bad for your overall health, but is particularly bad for your eye health, as smoking restricts your blood vessels. The eyes have many blood vessels that smoking can negatively impact. If you potentially have cataracts, you need to do all you can to prevent other vision issues that would complicate a cataracts diagnosis.
Also, protect your eyes in the sun with proper eyewear. Eat a healthy diet, and drink plenty of water. Hydration is important for your health. A diet with fresh fruit and vegetables can add healthy vitamins your eyes need to remain healthy.